Rattle: Installation on Macintosh OS X (Leopard and Lion)
The definitive guide to installing rattle on the Mac as of June 2018 comes via Zhiya Zuo where Yihui Xie (RStudio) noted that he has pre-built the binaries of RGtk2 and cairoDevice so that we can easily install rattle. Thanks to Yihui. Note that https://macos.rbind.org has disappeared and has probably been replaced by https://macos.rbind.io.
Asara Senaratne tested the following steps 2020-08-03:
- You need to have macports installed. Select the correct one based on your OS from this https://www.macports.org/install.php and install it.
- If you already have a terminal running, restart it and run the command: sudo port install gtk2 ## (X11 -- not aqua).
- Then, run: export PATH=/opt/local/bin:/opt/local/sbin:$PATH
- Run "R" in the terminal to get the R command line and run: install.packages("RGtk2",type="source")
- Next, run: install.packages("rattle",type="source")
- Install: install.packages("rpart.plot") to get the plots
- Restart R and try: library(rattle); rattle()
Eric Lin provided the following steps 2020-03-03. If asked to install by source say yes. If at any time during the process you are prompted for dependencies to be installed press yes. If you had a failed installation previously run brew doctor first to clear potential problems. If there is a recommendation for a cleanup run brew cleanup
- Open up your Terminal.
- You will need to install XCode Command Line Tools before installing R. We can install that by copy/pasting into terminal and pressing enter: xcode-select --install
- Go to homebrew's website and copy/paste the command into terminal from here: https://brew.sh/
- To install R, copy/paste this into your terminal and press enter: brew install r
- We need some dependencies for Rattle: brew install gtk+
- Ensure cairo does not exist yet (if you get an error that it doesn't exist that's fine): brew uninstall --force cairo --ignore-dependencies
- Next: brew cask install xquartz
- Next: brew install --with-x11 cairo
- Now enter this command as capitalised: R
- Copy and paste these commands one at a time within R and when
asked for CRAN press 4 (ignore any warnings and note it may run for
> install.packages("RGtk2", dependencies = T) > install.packages("cairoDevice", dependencies = T) > install.packages("rattle", dependencies = T)
- If asked to install dependencies or by source make sure to select yes.
- This should install everything, including dependencies, successfully. If it does type the following to close R: q()
- Enter back in: R
- Load rattle library: library(rattle)
- Load rattle: rattle()
The material below is for archival purposes and generally can be ignored though retained here in case it helps others. Also, for trouble shooting see the Rattle Install Trouble Shooting.
Alternative Install GuidesOther contributions are included for information. Thanks to everyone who has contributed to getting Rattle running smoothly on the Mac.
- Roger Bohn of UCSD, April 2018, Mac OS X 10.13.4, R 3.4.4, X, RGtk 2.20.34, Rattle 5.1.3
- Zhiya Zuo Sep 2017, Mac OS X >= 10.11, R 3.4.1, XQuartz, RGtk 2.20.33, Rattle 5.0.14
- Marco Ghislanzoni Aug 2014, Mac OS X 10.9.4, R 3.1.1, XQuartz, GTK
- Seb Kopf Jun 2014, Mac OS X 10.9.4, R 3.1.1, XQuartz, GTK 2.24
Please ensure you have at least
- Mac OS/X 10.12
- XQuartz instead of X11
- R 3.4.1 GUI 1.63 Snow Leopard build (6660)
- GTK 2.24.17-X11
- install.packages("rattle", repos="http://rattle.togaware.com", type="source”)
Thanks to Rashid Zaman  and Ivan Salgo  for confirming these requirements. Further information on installing the right version of GTK for R version 3 can be found on GitHub. Geoffrey Brown  reports that for OSX 10.6.8, R 3.1.3 he installed XCode 3.2.6 and then install.packages("RGtk2", type="source") which worked for him.
- Install R
- Startup R and then > install.packages("RGtk2")
- Restart R and then > library("rattle")
The rest of the required libraries get installed as you use Rattle. We install RGtk2 and the Gtk libraries separately as they can take some time to download and install.
The details are below.
Dev ReleaseThe latest development version is available directly from Togaware:
> install.packages("rattle", repos="http://rattle.togaware.com", type="source")
If you have issues with Rattle, then installing the latest development version is probably a good place to start.
1. Install Latest R
The first step is to install R
- Download and install the latest version of R from CRAN, the Comprehensive R Archive Network. The link to R-latest.pkg will deliver the latest. Choosing all the defaults on the install works just fine.
2. Install Rattle
Then install Rattle using R's package manager. As a separate step it is usually best to install the RGtk2 package which will download the GTK libraries for Mac OS/X and link them into R. This can take sometime and is a prerequisite for loading Rattle.
Start R and enter the following command at the R prompt. R asks us
to nominate a CRAN mirror. Choose a nearby location.
> install.packages("RGtk2") > install.packages("rattle") > q()
Restart R and then load Rattle with the following two commands at
the R prompt. This loads the Rattle package into the library and
starts up Rattle.
> library(rattle) > rattle()
Note on Installation of Rattle on Mountain Lion
Thanks to Joe Trubisz for this script that he tested on several different machines and confirms it works (15 November 2013).
- Start R
- > install.packages("RGtk2", dependencies=TRUE)
- > install.packages("rattle", dependencies=TRUE)
- Once done, q()
If you have a "unable to load" issue, then you most likely do not have the correct GTK+ library for Mountain Lion. If you have this issue, then kill X11 and R, go to ATT and download: GTK_2.24.17-X11.pkg and install it.
- Restart R
- > library(RGtk2)
Once X11 starts, go to the task bar and select X11->Check for updates. If there is an update, do the update, q() after the update and kill X11. If no update is present, skip to step 8.
- Redo steps 5 and 6 above
Make sure that you can close the window successfully.
If you are here, then you should be able to:
- > library(rattle)
- > rattle()
For trouble shooting see the Rattle Install Trouble Shooting.
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Last Modified Saturday 2020-08-08 18:53:28 AEST Graham Williams
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